‘Learning Disabilities’ Blog Posts
We read from top to bottom and left to right. We form letters in specific directions. Even writing your letters correctly involves directionality. Starting letters at the top and moving down is easier and faster and coincides with how we read. Yet, kids left to there own often start writing letters from the bottom up. These are often the kids that haven’t learned the top down orientation of reading, starting at the top of the page and reading from left to right.
Reading fluency is the speed and accuracy of reading without conscious attention to the mechanics of reading. In other words, a fluent reader has the ability to retrieve and read words automatically. Efficient readers are fluent readers. Multiple studies show that slow single word reading leads to both poor comprehension and frustration.
Auditory processing skills are foundational skills for both reading and spelling. Phonemic awareness and phonics are the first steps in learning to read as well as spell. Both phonemic awareness and phonics depend on the auditory system. Phonemic awareness is the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate the individual sounds – phonemes – in spoken words. Phonics is the ability to accurately relate an auditory sound with a visual symbol. This is exactly what we do when we spell.
Children that struggle with rapid naming, dyslexia, or learning disabilities typically perform more slowly on tasks that deal with the speed of processing. So, when helping a child with dyslexia or learning disabilities, we also need to help them improve their processing speed.
Three brain-based auditory processing disorder activities for kids of all ages. These activities improve learning skills while you have fun. Auditory processing is one of the three avenues we learn academic skills from. Remember, we learn by hearing (auditory processing), seeing (visual processing), and doing (tactile/kinesthetic processing). That being said, APD – an auditory processing disorder was found to be present in 43.3% of those that struggle with learning (2009 The National Center for Biotechnology Information). Read on to learn the behaviors that indicate your child may have difficulties with auditory processing.
Visual discrimination is directly connected to reading fluency. Visual discrimination is the ability to discern subtle similarities and differences visually. This is the process of seeing details. What is the same? What is different? Shapes, sizes, and colors are details to be looked at. An additional part of visual discrimination is ‘form constancy.’
Reading comprehension is the ability to understand and retain the information given in the text as you read it. Reading fluency, on the other hand, is the accuracy and speed of reading without conscious attention to the mechanics of reading. A fluent reader has the ability to read and understand words automatically. They are able to more easily comprehend complete sentences and entire reading selections.
Reading comprehension is the ability to understand, analyze, synthesize, and use what you have read. Without comprehension, there is really no point to reading. Graphic organizers allow you to easily take notes and turn what you read into a graphical display or story structure. These strategies improve critical components of reading comprehension.
Before we can get into executive function activities, it is important to understand what executive function is. So, what Is Executive Function? Executive function is the term used to describe a set of mental processes that helps us connect past experience with present action. We use executive function when we perform such activities as planning, organizing, strategizing and paying attention to and remembering details.
The 5 Senses Impact on How We Learn – How we learn, how we intake information directly impacts our ability to succeed in school. Parents frequently email me or call my office looking for help for their child or teen. They don’t know why their child struggles in school. They just know that they do. Learn what impacts learning skills.
Auditory processing is a critical component to reading success. We work on a variety of auditory processing areas every time we do activities from the Reading Pack: Five Minutes to Better Reading Skills, Making Spelling Sense, Ten Minutes to Better Study Skills, and The Comprehension Zone. For example, The Comprehension Zone is a game where we play for both auditory memory, auditory comprehension, and reading comprehension. Making Spelling Sense is where we work on auditory discrimination, auditory closure, and auditory memory.
Learning Disabilities impact 15 to 20% of the population. The most common types of learning disabilities are in the areas of reading (dyslexia), writing (written expression), and math (dyscalculia). Attention problems such as ADHD, language problems, and behavior problems may co-occur with learning disabilities.
Learning disabilities and ADHD impact between 15% to 20% of the population. That is 9 to 16 people on a street with 20 homes. That being said, according to the CDC, less that 1 in 3 children with ADHD receives both medication and behavioral therapy. And, students with learning disabilities earn lower grades and experience higher rates of course failure. Listen to find out what you can do to help learning disabilities kids improve their skills.
Homework is something most students deal with if not on a daily basis, then a weekly basis. Homework time can be a lot easier using tips, strategies, and specific tools. Watch the video for some practical tips to help make your evenings a lot smoother and give you back your sanity.
By having a framework or structure to your family fields trips, you can drastically improve memory skills. If you do not have a bit of a structure to your trips, your kids are not as likely to remember the great things you have done as a family together. With these family field trips, you can improve your vocabulary, memory and factual knowledge base.
Summer break is winding down, but there is still time to have fun and bring your child’s skills up. There is nothing like taking the last few weeks of the summer and infusing in some extra fun while gearing your kids up for the new school year. This is especially important if your kids have any learning problems, dyslexia, or ADHD. Giving your kids the best start you can is one of the most important things you can do as a parent.
It’s not too late to prevent the summer slide with fun family activities. The activities are geared for elementary, middle, and high school kids. Listen to the audio. Activities include weekly trips, nature adventures, and home activities.
Improve vocabulary is one of the five components to teaching reading as well as improving reading skills. Vocabulary is a strong indicator of student success. Knowledge of words and word meanings is an important key to reading, speaking, and listening success.
Best Practices for Dyslexia Treatment, Learning Disabilities, and Reading Problems. Best practices for improving reading skills also improve thinking and writing skills. Attention needs to be given to multiple areas to improve reading skills of those with dyslexia, learning disabilities, or those that have reading problems. Additionally, there is a hierarchy of instruction for improving reading skills. You will want to start with improving phonemic awareness and then incorporate phonics and fluency. As fluency starts to improve, you will add in the vocabulary and comprehension piece.
What are the symptoms of dyslexia or learning disabilities in older students? This is a typical question that comes to my desk almost weekly. Sometimes these are calls from parents of 5th graders. More often than not, these calls are from parents or even principles of kids that are in 6th, 8th or 10th grade. Panic has set in because there is not much time before their kids will be in either middle school, high school, or completing high school. The hope is that it is not too late to do something about it.
Learning disabilities and ADHD impact between 15% to 20% of the population. That is 9 to 16 people on a street with 20 homes. That being said, according to the CDC, less that 1 in 3 children with ADHD receives both medication and behavioral therapy. And, students with learning disabilities earn lower grades and experience higher rates of course failure. Listen to find out what you can do to help your learning disabilities kids improve their skills.
Have a summer reading plan for the lazy, hazy days of summer. Kids should be reading on a daily basis. This can happen for 15 to 30 minutes after lunch, before swimming, or before bed. Kids should be reading pleasure books at one to two levels below their grade level so they are easy to read. Get the top 5 books to read this summer too.
Holiday Activities: Keeping my children engaged over the holidays can be daunting or it can be fun. I don’t like being stressed so I always think of a plan to keep everyone engaged in a variety of activities that can be done without a ton of running around. To that end, I have created the following list of family holiday activities. Each activity builds family comradery as well as learning skills.
I’m sure you remember how it was in school. Your teacher explained how to do a particular type of math problem in class and you got it. It seemed so easy to solve it. Then you switched to another subject, and another as the day progressed. You got home, took out your math homework and totally forgot how to do the problem. Read to find the solutions to math homwork problems and dyscalculia.